This protocol is intended for isolation of untouched human CD8+ T cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by depleting B cells, NK cells, monocytes, dendritic cells, CD4+ T cells, granulocytes. Isolated CD8+ T cells are bead- and antibody-free and are suitable for any downstream application.
Principle of Isolation
A mixture of biotinylated monoclonal antibodies against the non-CD8+ T cells is added to the starting sample and allowed to bind to the cells. Depletion MyOne™ SA Dynabeads® are added and will bind to the antibody-labelled cells during a short incubation. The bead-bound cells are subsequently separated on a magnet and discarded. The remaining, untouched human CD8+ T cells can be used for any application.
Isolated CD8+ T cells can be used in any application, e.g.:
- Studies on CD8+ T cell proliferation, apoptosis and induction of anergy.
- Studies on antigen specific T cells.
- Studies on regulation of CD8+ T cell cytokine expression.
- Flow cytometry/FACS sorting.
Additional Materials Required
- Mixer allowing both tilting and rotation.
- Magnets: See www.invitrogen.com/magnetselection.
- Isolation Buffer: Ca2+ and Mg2+ free phosphate buffered saline (PBS) (e.g. Gibco cat.no. 10010-023) supplemented with 0.1% BSA and 2mM EDTA.
- Heat inactivated Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS)/ Fetal Calf Serum (FCS).
- Lymphoprep® for PBMC preparation (Axis Shield PoC, Norway).
- BSA can be replaced by human serum albumin (HSA) or 2% FBS/FCS.
- EDTA can be replaced by 0.6% sodium citrate.
- PBS containing Ca2+ or Mg2+ is not recommended.
- Dynabeads® should be washed before use (see Dynabeads® Washing Procedure).
- Use a mixer that provides tilting and rotation of the tubes to ensure that Dynabeads® do not settle in the tube.
- It is important to pipette roughly the recommended times to prevent trapping of NK cells in the bead-bound cell fraction (chapter 3, step 9 and 14). Try to avoid air bubbles during pipetting.
- Follow the recommended volumes and incubation times. (Never use less than recommended volume of Dynabeads®).
- Keep the buffers cold!
Dynabeads® Washing Procedure
Dynabeads® should be washed before use.
- Resuspend the Dynabeads® in the vial. (i.e.vortex for > 30 sec or tilt and rotate for 5 min.)
- Transfer the desired volume of Dynabeads® to a tube.
- Add the same volume of Isolation Buffer, or at least 1 ml, and mix.
- Place the tube in a magnet for 1 min and discard the supernatant.
- Remove tube from the magnet and resuspend the washed Dynabeads® in the same volume of Isolation Buffer as the initial volume of Dynabeads® (step 2)
Preparations of PBMC
- Prepare a PBMC suspension according to the recommended sample preparation protocol (low platelet numbers). Visit www.invitrogen.com/cellisolation and follow our Quicklinks for recommended sample preparation procedures.
- Resuspend the suspension at 1 x 108 PBMC per ml in Isolation buffer.
This protocol is based on 1 × 107 PBMC and is scalable from 1 × 107 - 5 × 108 cells according to table 1.
Table 1. Volumes for human CD8+ T cell isolation
|Working volume per 5 x 107 PBMC||Working volume per 5 x 108 PBMC|
|Tube size||15 ml||50 ml|
|Cell volume (step 1)||500 μl||5 ml|
|FBS/FCS (step 2)||100 μl||1 ml|
|Antibody Mix (step 3)||100 μl||1 ml|
|Washing (step 5)||10 ml||40 ml|
|Resuspension (step 6)||500 μl||5 ml|
|Depletion MyOne Dynabeads® (step 7)||500 μl||5 ml|
|Volume added before|
magnetic separation (step 10)*
|5 ml||20 ml|
* Note that the difference in volumes for small vs. large scale protocol is based on getting good working volumes during incubation with beads. A shift from small to large scale parameters may be done at any level of cells processed, as long as the resulting volume during incubation with beads is appropriate for the tubes used (more than 1/10 of total tube volume).
- The starting number of cells for this protocol is 5 x 107 (see preparations above for details)
- Transfer 500 μl (5 × 107) PBMC in Isolation Buffer to a tube.
- Add 100 μl heat inactivated FCS.
- Add 100 μl of Antibody Mix.
- Mix well and incubate for 20 min at 2-8°C.
- Wash the cells by adding 10 ml Isolation Buffer. Mix well by tilting the tube several times and centrifuge at 350 × g for 8 min at 2-8°C. Discard the supernatant.
- Resuspend the cells in 500 μl Isolation Buffer.
- Add 500 μl pre-washed Depletion MyOne SA Dynabeads®.
- Incubate for 15 min at 18-25°C with gentle tilting and rotation.
- Resuspend the bead-bound cells by vigorously pipetting >10 times using a pipette with a narrow tip opening (e.g. a 1000 μl pipette tip or a 5 ml serological pipette).
- Add 5 ml Isolation Buffer. (When working with volumes < 1 ml during incubation with beads, add 1 ml Isolation Buffer before resuspension).
- Place the tube in the magnet for 2 min.
- Transfer the supernatant containing the untouched human NK cells to a new tube.
- Add 5 ml Isolation Buffer to tube containing the Dynabeads®.
- Resuspend the bead-bound cells by vigorously pipetting as described in step 9.
- Place the tube in the magnet for 2 min
- Combine the two supernatants.
- Optional: To remove residual beads, place the tube in the magnet for 2 min. and transfer cells to a new tube.
This product is stable until the expiry date stated on the label when stored unopened at 2-8°C. Store opened vials at 2-8°C and avoid bacterial contamination. Keep Dynabeads® in liquid suspension during storage and all handling steps, as drying will result in reduced performance. Resuspend well before use.
Warnings And Limitations
This product is for research use only. Not intended for any animal or human therapeutic or diagnostic use unless otherwise stated. Follow appropriate laboratory guidelines. This product contains 0.02% sodium azide as a preservative, which is cytotoxic.
Avoid pipetting by mouth!
Sodium azide may react with lead and copper plumbing to form highly explosive metal azides. When disposing through plumbing drains, flush with large volumes of water to prevent azide build up. Certificate of Analysis (CoA) is available upon request. Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is available at http://www.invitrogen.com.
- Andersen MH et al (2005) Spontaneous Immunity against Bcl-xL in Cancer Patients. J. Immunol. 175: 2709-2714.
- Chemnitz JM et al (2004) SHP-1 and SHP-2 associate with immunoreceptor tyrosine-based switch motif of programmed death 1 upon primary human T cell stimulation but only receptor ligation prevents T cell activation. J. Immunol. 173: 945-954.
- Jarnak-Jankovic S et al (2005) Evaluation of dendritic cells loaded with apoptotic cancer cells or expressing tumour mRNA as potential cancer vaccines against leukemia. BMC Cancer. 5:20 doi:10.1186/1471-2407-5-20.
- Monteiro M et al (2007) Cartography of gene expression in CD8 single cells: novel CCR7- subsets suggest differentiation independent of CD45RA expression. Blood. 109:2863-2870.
- van Rhee F et al (2005) NY-ESO-1 is highly expressed in poor prognosis multiple myeloma and induces spontaneous humoral and cellular immune responses. Blood. (Pre-published online): 10.1182/blood-2004-09-3707.
- Zioza A et al (2003) CD8+ T cells that express CD4 on their surface (CD4dim-CD8bright T cells) recognize an antigenspecific target, are detected in vivo and can be productively infected by T-tropic HIV. Blood 102: 2156-2164.