Related Product Information
This SuperMix has been developed using Applied Biosystems’ TaqMan®-based SNP genotyping products.
- Platinum® Taq DNA polymerase is recombinant Taq DNA polymerase complexed with specific monoclonal antibodies that inhibit polymerase activity at room temperature. Full polymerase activity is restored after the denaturation step in PCR cycling, providing an automatic “hot start” in PCR and significantly increasing amplification efficiency, sensitivity, and yield.
- UDG and dUTP are included in the SuperMix to prevent the reamplification of carryover PCR products between reactions. dUTP ensures that any amplified DNA will contain uracil. UDG, or uracil-N-glycosylase, removes uracil residues from single- or double-stranded DNA, preventing dU-containing DNA from serving as template in future PCRs. Incubation of subsequent PCRs with UDG before cycling destroys any contaminating dU-containing PCR product from previous reactions. After this decontamination step, UDG is inactivated by the high temperatures during normal PCR cycling, thereby allowing the amplification of genuine target sequences.
Platinum® qPCR SuperMix for SNP Genotyping is supplied at 2X concentration to allow for the addition of template, primers, and probes. ROX Reference Dye is provided as a separate tube to normalize the fluorescent signal on instruments that are compatible with this option.
Reagents are provided for 250 or 1250 amplification reactions of 20 µl each.
Component 250-rxn Kit 1250-rxn Kit
Platinum® qPCR SuperMix for
SNP Genotyping 2 × 1.25 ml 12.5 ml
ROX Reference Dye 500 µl 500 µl
Store components at –20ºC for long-term storage. After initial use, Platinum® qPCR SuperMix for SNP Genotyping may be stored at 4ºC for up to one month to minimize freeze-thawing. For periodic use over several months, we recommend preparing aliquots of SuperMix to minimize freeze-thawing.
Store ROX Reference Dye in the dark.
For additional information about specific instruments click here . Since PCR is a powerful technique capable of amplifying trace amounts of DNA, all appropriate precautions should be taken to avoid cross-contamination.
- Program the real-time instrument or standard thermal cycler to perform a brief UDG incubation immediately followed by PCR amplification, as shown below. Optimal cycling temperatures and times may vary for different target sequences and primer/probe sets
- Prepare each reaction in a microcentrifuge tube or PCR plate wellas specified below.For multiple reactions, prepare a master mix of common components, add the appropriate volume to each tube or plate well, and then add the unique reaction components (e.g., template).
Note: Preparation of a master mix is essential in quantitative applications to reduce pipetting errors.
Component Single reaction Platinum® qPCR SuperMix for SNP Genotyping 10 µl Forward primer, 10 µM 0.4 µl Reverse primer, 10 µM 0.4 µl Probe for SNP allele 1, 10 µM 0.2 µl Probe for SNP allele 2, 10 µM 0.2 µl Template (100 pg to 1 µg of genomic DNA) 1 µl ROX Reference Dye, 25 µM (optional) 0.4 µl/0.04 µl * DEPC-treated water to 20 µl
*See Support Protocol 3 - ROX Reference Dye or the amount/concentration of ROX to use for your specific instrument.
- Cap or seal the reaction tube/PCR plate, and gently mix. Make sure that all components are at the bottom of the tube/plate; centrifuge briefly if needed.
- Place reactions in the thermal cycler programmed as described above and run the program.
- For real-time instruments, perform real-time analysis and/or an allelic-discrimination end-point reading at the end of the run. For standard thermal cyclers, transfer the PCR product to a fluorescent microplate reader for SNP genotyping analysis.
|Standard Cycling Program||Fast Cycling Program (for the ABI 7500 in Fast Mode)|
|50°C for 2 minutes hold (UDG incubation) 95°C for 2 minutes hold 40 cycles of: 95°C, 15 seconds 65°C, 30 seconds (60 seconds for the||Select Fast Mode on the Thermal Profile tab 50°C for 2 minutes hold (UDG incubation) 95°C for 2 minutes hold 40 cycles of: 95°C, 3 seconds 65°C, 30 seconds|
|Instrument||ROX per 20-µl reaction*||Final Concentration|
|ABI 7000, 7300 7700, 7900HT, and 7900HT Fast||0.4 µl||500 nM|
|ABI 7500; Stratagene Mx3000™, Mx3005P™, and Mx4000™||0.04 µl||50 nM|
*To enable accurate pipetting, you can dilute the appropriate amount of ROX in DEPC-treated water immediately before use. For example, to add 0.4 µl per reaction, dilute 1:2.5 immediately before use and add 1 µl of the dilution to each reaction.
You can also perform end-point PCR on a standard thermal cycler and analyze the results using a fluorescent microplate reader capable of detecting in three channels.
When designing custom probes, note that the probe sequences should be free of secondary structure and should not hybridize to each other or to primer 3´-ends. The optimal concentration of the probes may vary between 50 and 800 nM, with a recommended starting concentration of 100 nM each.
PCR primers used with custom probes should be designed according to standard PCR guidelines. They should be specific for the target sequence and free of internal secondary structure, and should avoid complementation at 3´-ends within each primer, with each other, or with the dual-labeled probes. Optimal results may require a titration of primer concentrations between 100 and 500 nM. A final concentration of 200 nM per primer is effective for most reactions.
No PCR product is evident in the qPCR graph or allelic-discrimination plot, or on a gel
The protocol was not followed correctly
Verify that all steps have been followed and the correct reagents, dilutions, volumes, and cycling parameters have been used.
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Template contains inhibitors, nucleases, or proteases, or has otherwise been degraded.
Purify or re-purify your template.
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Primer and/or probe design is suboptimal
Verify your primer and probe selections. We recommend using validated pre-designed primers or designing primers or primer/probe combinations using dedicated software programs or primer databases.
PCR product is evident in the gel, but not on the qPCR graph
qPCR instrument settings are incorrect
Confirm that you are using the correct instrument settings (dye selection, reference dye, filters, acquisition points, etc.) for your application.
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Problems with your specific qPCR instrument
For instrument-specific information about probes, consult your instrument documentation and/or your probe technology documentation. For additional instrument-specific tips and troubleshooting, visit www.invitrogen.com/qpcr.
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