In This Issue
FEATURED NEW PRODUCTS
FEATURED NEW PRODUCTS
what they are
Qdot® nanocrystal–conjugated antibodies are exceptionally bright and photostable. We now offer 18 new donkey secondary antibodies conjugated to Qdot® nanocrystals. Donkey anti-mouse, donkey anti-rabbit, and donkey anti-goat conjugates are provided in six of the most commonly used colors: Qdot® 525, Qdot® 565, Qdot® 585, Qdot® 605, Qdot® 625, and Qdot® 655. In addition, we offer goat anti-mouse, goat anti-rabbit, goat anti-human, goat anti-rat, and rabbit anti-goat Qdot® nanocrystal secondary antibodies.
what they offer
- Brightness—as much as 50 times brighter than organic dyes
- Photostability—no photobleaching, unlike organic dyes
- Multiplexing capability—six colors, from Qdot® 525 to Qdot® 655
how they work
Qdot® nanocrystals are composed of semiconductor material, generating a photostable fluorescent particle. Unlike even the best organic fluorescent dyes, Qdot® nanocrystals do not photobleach over time.
- Learn More About Qdot® Nanocrystal Technology
- Learn More About Qdot® Nanocrystal Conjugates for Cell and Tissue Staining
- Search for Secondary or Primary Antibodies
HeLa cells stained with Qdot® nanocrystal–labeled secondary antibodies. Cells were incubated with mouse anti–β-tubulin and then incubated with Qdot® 605 Donkey Anti–Mouse IgG Conjugate (green). Nuclei were stained with Qnuclear™ Deep Red Stain (red).
what they are
Adiponectin is a hormone exclusively produced in adipose tissue and secreted into plasma. Adiponectin is involved in a number of metabolic processes, including glucose regulation and fat metabolism. ABfinity™ adiponectin recombinant monoclonal and oligoclonal antibodies offer consistent results, minimizing the need to revalidate working antibody dilutions each time you order.
what they offer
- Consistent results
- Minimized need to revalidate working antibody dilutions each time you order
- New ABfinity™ antibodies released every month
how they work
ABfinity™ antibodies are manufactured by transfecting mammalian cells with high-level expression vectors containing immunogen-specific heavy- and light-chain antibody cDNA. This production process offers consistent lot-to-lot antibody performance. Our Adiponectin ABfinity™ Recombinant Rabbit Antibodies are validated for western blotting, immunocytochemistry, and indirect ELISA applications.
- Learn More About ABfinity™ Recombinant Rabbit Antibodies
- Find New Antibodies Every Month
- Search for Antibodies to your target
Immunocytochemistry analysis of HeLa cells. Cells were treated with Adiponectin ABfinity™ Recombinant Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody and labeled with Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit secondary antibody (green). Actin was stained with Alexa Fluor® 594 phalloidin (red), and nuclei were stained with DAPI (blue). The image shows subcellular localization in the perinuclear region.
what it is
Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor is a fluorescent two-color sensor of cell cycle progression and division in live cells. This reagent allows accurate and sensitive cell cycle analysis of individual cells or a population of cells by fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, or high-content imaging.
what it offers
- Accuracy―cell cycle–controlled expression of bright GFP and RFP indicators for live-cell analysis of individual cells or populations
- High efficiency―>90% transduction of a wide range of mammalian cell lines, including primary cells, stem cells, and neurons
- Speed and convenience―simply add Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor to your cells in complete medium, incubate overnight, and analyze
how it works
Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor is delivered by highly efficient BacMam 2.0 technology, enabling cell cycle studies in essentially any cell type. Provided in a ready-to-use format—simply add, incubate, and image—the Premo™ FUCCI sensor affords highly efficient transient expression in cell lines, primary cells, and stem cells. Cells change from red in the G1 phase to yellow in the G1/S interphase and green in the S, G2, and M phases, as fusions of emGFP and TagRFP coupled to two cell cycle–regulated proteins are expressed and degraded.
- Learn More About Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor
Imaging cell cycle progression in live cells with Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor. U2OS cells were transduced with Premo™ FUCCI Cell Cycle Sensor. Images were acquired every 10 min for 16 hr. Imaging was performed on live cells using standard FITC/TRITC/Cy®5 filter sets.
what it is
BackDrop™ Background Suppressor is a set of novel Molecular Probes® reagents designed to effectively suppress background fluorescence during live-cell imaging. If you are experiencing high background signal or weak fluorescence in the blue, green, or red channels, see how BackDrop™ Background Suppressor improves your results by cutting through the haze and increasing contrast.
what it offers
- Greatly reduced background fluorescence in live-cell imaging with dyes and fluorescent proteins
- Higher signal-to-noise ratio and improved sensitivity for better results
- Convenience of direct addition to cells from dropper bottle
how it works
Background fluorescence from media components and extracellular dyes decreases signal-to-noise ratio and assay sensitivity. BackDrop™ Background Suppressor is a direct-addition product provided as a 6-pack of ultraconvenient dropper bottles, with two vials each of blue, green, and red background suppressors. Apply two drops per milliliter of your live-cell sample to help eliminate background haze, improve image quality, and help eliminate the need for medium removal with its risk of potential cell loss.
- Learn More About BackDrop™ Background Suppressor
Effect of BackDrop™ Background Suppressor. Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells in DMEM + 20% FBS, imaged without (–) and with (+) BackDrop™ Background Suppressor.
- Maintain virus function using simple new labeling method
- Alexa Fluor® dyes offer bright, photostable, pH-independent fluorescence across the spectrum
- pHrodo™ red dye offers real-time monitoring of phagocytosis and endocytosis
Researchers recently developed a new method for directly labeling viruses with fluorescent dyes. The team used the amine-reactive succinimidyl ester (SE) form of Alexa Fluor® dyes. Rather than DMSO as the recommended solvent, the water-soluble Alexa Fluor® dyes were dissolved in sodium bicarbonate buffer and added directly to the virus (J Virol Methods 167:172 (2010)). Using this method, attachment of the Alexa Fluor® label did not affect the ability of the virus to bind and enter the host cell.
This protocol is also available as a video.
The pHrodo™ Red succinimidyl ester is another reagent that can potentially be used in this protocol. Unlike the Alexa Fluor® dyes, pHrodo™ Red SE exhibits pH-sensitive red fluorescence that increases in intensity with increasing acidity. pHrodo™ dye is essentially dark in the extracellular environment but exhibits bright red fluorescence at pH 5–7 as it undergoes endocytosis, enabling real-time monitoring without requiring any extra wash steps or dye quenchers.
Visualizing virus internalization. CellLight® MAP4-GFP, a BacMam virus, was labeled in serum-free buffer with pHrodo™ SE. U2OS cells were placed on a microscope stage inside a climate control chamber, and 50 µL of labeled virus (100 particles/cell) was added. A fluorescent image acquired with the appropriate filters (TRITC) for pHrodo™ dye is shown in a differential interference contrast overlay (A). Red fluorescence from the labeled viruses can be seen within intracellular vesicles. Cells were returned to the incubator overnight and imaged again the following day. Fluorescence from CellLight® MAP4-GFP (microtubules) can be seen, as can residual pHrodo™ staining from viral remnants (B), showing that labeled viruses retain functionality following pHrodo™ SE labeling.
|Alexa Fluor® 488 Succinimidyl Ester||1 mg||A20000|
|Alexa Fluor® 555 Succinimidyl Ester||1 mg||A20009|
|Alexa Fluor® 568 Succinimidyl Ester||1 mg||A20003|
|Alexa Fluor® 594 Succinimidyl Ester||1 mg||A20004|
|Alexa Fluor® 647 Succinimidyl Ester||1 mg||A20006|
|pHrodo™ Red Succinimidyl Ester ||1 mg||P36600|
Accurately quantifying fluorescent protein expression can be challenging. The Tali™ Image-Based Cytometer measures cellular fluorescence that falls within the green (Ex/Em = 458/525 nm) or red (Ex/Em = 530/585 nm) channels, which allows researchers to identify and quantify populations of cells that are differentially expressing Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) and Red Fluorescent Protein (RFP). Results generated by the Tali™ instrument are comparable to results from a flow cytometer.
Four mammalian cell lines were transduced with CellLight® Nucleus-GFP and CellLight® Plasma Membrane-RFP. Using the bright-field and fluorescence channels of the Tali™ instrument, cell counts and fluorescence data were generated and compared to results from a flow cytometer. The percentages of cells expressing each reporter protein as recorded by the Tali™ instrument and a flow cytometer are shown in the table. The transduction efficiency for each of the four cell types was at least 35%, and population statistics for each combination of fluorescent proteins matched well between the Tali™ Image-Based Cytometer and a flow cytometer.
Fluorescent protein expression data (percentage of cells expressing fluorescent reporter protein) from the Tali™ Image-Based Cytometer are comparable to those obtained using flow cytometry.
|Tali™ cytometer||Flow cytometer||Tali™ cytometer||Flow cytometer||Tali™ cytometer||Flow cytometer||Tali™ cytometer||Flow cytometer|
Population analysis of GFP- and RFP-expressing cells. The GFP+RFP display on the Tali™ Image-Based Cytometer is shown after measuring U2OS cells transduced with CellLight® Nucleus-GFP and CellLight® Plasma Membrane-RFP. A representative image of cell fluorescence is shown on the left side of the screen, while quantitative population data (% GFP positive, % RFP positive, % GFP and RFP positive, and % GFP and RFP negative) are shown on the right side of the screen.
Our custom Luminex® multiplex immunoassay kits maximize experimental design flexibility, allowing quantitation of one or multiple targeted proteins in unique panels that you design. For your convenience, each customized panel is provided with reagents that are blended, optimized, tested, and designed for use with the Luminex® 100/200™ System, FlexMAP 3D® System, and the new MAGPIX® Multiplexing Instrument.
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Mitochondrial and Cytoskeletal Staining in Endothelial Cells
Mitochondria in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells were labeled with MitoTracker® Red CMXRos (pseudocolored yellow). Cells were then fixed and permeabilized. F-actin was stained with Alexa Fluor® 488 phalloidin (green), and nuclei were stained with DAPI (pseudocolored red). Imaging was performed using a Zeiss LSM 710 confocal microscope. Image contributed by Nicholas Dolman, Life Technologies Corporation.
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