IgG primary antibodies are usually available only in small quantities, can be expensive, and are packaged with stabilizing proteins such as bovine serum albumin (BSA). These stabilizing proteins can interfere with the amine-reactive reagents used to covalently attach a fluorescent label. Unfortunately, procedures to remove these stabilizing proteins may cause significant loss of antibody.
The APEX® Antibody Labeling Kits (Table 1) provide a convenient means of directly labeling a small amount of IgG antibody (10–20 µg) with a fluorescent label or biotin-XX moiety, while allowing you to easily remove contaminants (such as BSA) without losing antibody. These kits include all the reagents required to perform five separate IgG antibody labeling reactions using one of the superior Molecular Probes® fluorescent labels or biotin-XX. Additional APEX® kit configurations are now available, allowing you to select from Alexa Fluor®, Oregon Green® 488, or Pacific Blue™ fluorescent labels, or biotin-XX, a unique Molecular Probes® product that provides a 14-atom spacer between the antibody and the biotin moiety.
|Fluorophore or Biotin Label ||Ex/Em *||Application|
|Alexa Fluor® 488 ||496/519 ||Imaging or flow cytometry|
|Alexa Fluor® 555 ||555/565 ||Imaging|
|Alexa Fluor® 568 † ||578/603 ||Imaging|
|Alexa Fluor® 594 ||590/617 ||Imaging|
|Alexa Fluor® 647 ||650/665 ||Imaging or flow cytometry |
|Oregon Green® 488 ||496/524 ||Imaging or flow cytometry|
|Pacific Blue™ ||416/451 ||Imaging or flow cytometry|
|Biotin-XX †||NA||Imaging or flow cytometry|
† Newest additions to the APEX® Antibody Labeling Kit product line.
Easy Labeling Procedure
Figure 1. Diagram of an APEX® antibody labeling tip.
Save Time and Effort Without Sacrificing Performance
Figure 2. Effective conjugation of IgG antibody with or without BSA. Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial (BPAE) cells were fixed and permeabilized, then (left panel) treated with mouse anti–α-tubulin, detected with secondary antibody (goat anti-mouse) labeled using the APEX® Biotin-XX Kit, and counterstained with Alexa Fluor® 488 Streptavidin (green fluorescence); or (right panel) treated with mouse anti–α-tubulin, and detected with secondary antibody (goat anti-mouse) labeled using the APEX® Alexa Fluor® 568 kit (red fluorescence) in the presence of 1% BSA. Nuclei were stained with blue-fluorescent DAPI.
Antibody and Protein Labeling Kits for Diverse Applications
|Amount of IgG ||Product||Key Features|
|<1–20 µg ||Zenon® IgG Labeling Kits |
|10–20 µg ||APEX® Antibody Labeling Kits |
|20–100 µg ||Microscale Protein Labeling Kits || |
|100 µg ||Monoclonal Antibody Labeling Kits |
|300 µg ||Qdot® Antibody Conjugation Kits || |
|1 mg ||Protein Labeling Kits |
|0.3–5 mg ||SAIVI™ Antibody Labeling Kits |